Alopecia Areata is an autoimmune disorder that causes hair loss. A person affected by this disorder unpredictably losses hair in smooth, round hairless patches on the scalp, but sometimes it may affect the entire body as well. The hair usually grows back in a couple of months, only to fall out from another area. Even though the scientists haven’t found the cure for this disorder, there are various treatments that can help control the condition.
Since alopecia occurs when your immune system mistakenly attacks the hair follicle, corticosteroids are a great way to suppress the immune system. Corticosteroid injections have been provedmost effective treatment for small patches. Not only should the injections be used on the scalp, but on any other part of the body that’s affected by alopecia. After a corticosteroid solution has been injected a couple of times into the problematic area, the immune system won’t be able to attack the hair follicles anymore. The hair will grow back in four weeks, but after you stop the treatment, it may fall out again.
Extensive and total hair loss is best treated with immunotherapy. Diphencyprone is applied to a small part of bald skin every week, and each time the dosage is increased. However, this chemical solution will cause eczema on the skin, but the hair should regrow in about twelve weeks. What’s more, a severe skin reaction could be a possible side effect of immunotherapy. A rash and patchy-coloured skin could also appear, but that is less common. Additionally, immunotherapy can only be done at certain centres, so you’ll have to go there once a week as long as the treatment is not finished.
Both children and adults can use minoxidil, and it may help some of the patients regrow their hair. It has to be applied twice a day to the scalp, or other part of the body affected by alopecia. However, in order to have the best results, minoxidil should be used alongside other treatments, and the hair may start to grow back in about three months.
After a patient applies this medicine to the skin, it will alter their skin’s immune function. A tar-like substance is applied to the scalp, brow, beard or another part of the body, and it should stay there 20 to 60 minutes. After this time, the patient should wash it off, to avoid skin irritation.
If the less invasive treatments didn’t work, patients should consider undergoing a hair transplant. The procedure is quite complicated, so patients with alopecia most often choose professionals from ICCM, because they’re among the best qualified for these types of surgeries. Hair transplant requires a few sessions in order to be successful. A patient should have a break of nine to twelve months before doing another session. However, after the procedure is done, the hair should grow back within six months.
There are various treatments for alopecia areata, and corticosteroids, immunotherapy, Minoxidil, Anthralinand hair transplant are just some of the treatments that may help you with the problem. If you feel uncomfortable because of the bald patches, you could also buy a wig or two, and always have beautiful hair despite the illness.